How to Manage Your Investments in the Stock Market

Stock is the shares in which ownership of an organization is divided into a number of owners. In common English, the stocks are collectively called “stock”. A single share of stock represents a fractional ownership in percentage of the whole stock. There are various different types of stock: common stock, preferred stock, penny stock, debt stock, foreign stock, initial public offering stock (IPO), and stock indexes. To learn more about stock buying and selling, you can sign up for a free stock newsletter.


Common stock: These stocks are issued by organizations that are publicly traded on major exchanges. All shareholders receive a portion of these shares as cash. The value of such stocks depends largely on the earnings of the company. Earnings depend largely on the profits or growth of the enterprise. Dividends paid to shareholders help offset capital gains and interest paid to investors on dividends.

Preferred stock: Also called common stock, preferred stocks are issued by enterprises that are not listed on any stock exchange. However, they have higher voting rights than the common ones. A dividend is paid to shareholders on a regular basis. As such, they are particularly useful to wealthy individuals who can easily invest in a wide range of companies. However, it requires regular purchase and sale to maximize profits.

Debt and foreign stock: This kind of investing refers to borrowing funds and owning them. You invest in debt and foreign stock by borrowing funds and then purchasing them. When an investment yields low returns, you can sell off portions of your portfolio to reduce losses.

Penny stock: Penny stocks are share offerings made to investors by organizations that are less-regulated. They generally come from small companies that are still growing from the start. Because penny stocks are usually priced below the cost of common stock, they do not require you to hold onto ownership for the long term. You can quickly sell them off when they gain in value.

Your portfolio should keep track of stocks that you buy and shares that you sell. By so doing, you will be able to evaluate your portfolio to see which assets are performing well and which ones are not. Over time, you can build your portfolio to include a wide assortment of different stocks. By combining several of these different types of investments, you can create a portfolio that is balanced. The bottom line is that you will need to keep updating your portfolio for optimal performance. Stocks may go up and down in value, so having some of your assets in different areas of the market at all times will keep you on your toes.