The Basics of Stock Investing


The stock market can be a great place to improve your financial outlook, but there are some things you need to know before jumping in headfirst. For starters, understand what a stock is and why it matters to your investing strategy.

A stock is a security that represents partial ownership of a publicly traded corporation. It entitles its owner to a proportional claim on the corporation’s net assets and future earnings, and is sold predominantly on stock exchanges. Investors who own stocks are called shareholders or stockholders, and they can also sell their shares at any time.

As an investment vehicle, stocks have a long history of providing investors with high returns on their capital. But the value of a stock is not guaranteed, and a well-diversified portfolio is designed to help reduce the risk that any particular stock will decline in value.

Aside from providing a good return on your money over the long term, stocks can also pay you a quarterly dividend, which is a percentage of the company’s profits. This is another way in which your stocks can boost your income, and it’s also a reason why many long-term investors consider them an important part of their overall financial portfolio.

The price of a stock is determined by supply and demand, as well as by the broader economic environment. In general, a stock’s price will rise when the demand for it increases and will fall when interest in the stock decreases. Investors usually buy stocks to earn a return on their initial investment, so when the price of a share increases, they can sell it for a profit.

While it is possible to buy and sell individual stocks, this can be a complicated and expensive process. Most people choose to invest in a broad range of stocks through a brokerage account, which allows them to purchase and sell stocks at any time. To open a brokerage account, you will need to provide personal information and connect it with your bank account or credit card.

A broker will typically charge you a commission for each trade, which is why it’s important to find one that offers low fees and has easy-to-use trading platforms. Some brokers may offer free or reduced-fee accounts to new customers, so it’s worth shopping around before making a decision.

For many people, buying and selling stocks is a key component of their retirement savings plan. There are several ways to start investing in stocks, from opening an account with a discount brokerage firm to purchasing mutual funds or ETFs that track the broader markets. However, no matter which method you choose, the most important thing is to stick with your investment plan and focus on the things that are in your control — market gyrations are not among them.