The Dog – The Closest Living Relative of the Wolf


The dog is a domesticated descendant of the wolf. Its upturned tail and prehensile ears distinguish it from its distant relatives. While the dog is not a true wolf, it is the closest living relative. Here are some common traits of dogs. Read on to discover more about this beloved animal. And remember, dogs do not bite. But, you can still avoid unwanted incidents by following some simple tips. We hope these tips will help you enjoy your dog’s company and protect your property.

One of the most common myths surrounding the dog is that humans domesticated it because it was useful as a guard dog. However, DNA analysis suggests that domestication of dogs began long before humans started to settle and practice agriculture. Moreover, the domestication of dogs did not take place in a relatively warm climate, as was previously thought. So, while the dog was domesticated for its protective qualities, it was likely that humans also wanted it for companionship and to protect them.

The love for dogs goes beyond their physical appearance. Petting a dog can lower blood pressure, improve breathing and relax muscles. According to a study by the Human Animal Bond Research Institute, 10 minutes of petting a dog can have a profound effect on a person’s mental state. After just 10 minutes, participants’ cortisol levels dropped significantly. In fact, dogs are an excellent tool for coping with a crisis, as the presence of a dog can help them recover more quickly.

Because of their diversity, the origin of dogs is hard to pin down. Miacis is thought to have existed 60 million years ago, but there are no direct descendants of it. From Miacis, doglike canids evolved. About 30-40 million years ago, Miacis developed into Cynodictis, a medium-sized dog with a long tail and many limbs. Amongst the descendants of Miacis, two branches of canids are named – African dogs and Eurasia dogs.

Because dogs are closely related to wolves and coyotes, some dog breeds are predisposed to biting and are more likely to defend their owner than others. However, if your dog displays consistent aggressive behavior, you should consider a different breed. A dog that gives warning before biting allows you time to retreat and avoid harm. In addition to protecting your home, this can help you live with your dog much more comfortably. The most common types of aggression include:

The skeletal structure of a dog is not completely understood. Despite what we know, the dog’s pelvic limbs are equal in length. Having an equal length in both limbs is vital for balance and coordination. Similarly, an unbalanced pelvic limb will have a shorter stride and a longer cycle time. Less angulated limbs are also less muscular than an equal-sized one.

Some German Shepherd Dogs are genetically prone to certain diseases. These can include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, cleft palate, trick knees, and deafness. Female dogs are prone to pyometra and Gastric dilatation volvulus, which affects unspayed females of all breeds. While it’s not always possible to determine a dog’s lifespan with an accurate calculator, the ratio of human years to dog years is an excellent starting point.